Improving Smallholders’ Food Security and Resilience to Climate Change in Burkina Faso: The Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters Programme (BRACED) (AVE-Study 19/2019)
This study seeks to analyse the perceived impacts on food security and poverty reduction of the Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme in Burkina Faso. Besides positive impacts on people’s food security and poverty reduction, the beneficiaries also emphasised the social effects of the project activities, which led to an improvement of the social cohesion, mutual help and support in the villages.
The Justification of Responsibility in the UN Security Council. Practices of Normative Ordering in International Relations
The UN Security Council has been given the primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. The precise meaning of this responsibility, however, is contested. This lack of clarity is frequently criticised as a source of incoherent and selective decision-making, undermining the legitimacy of the Security Council. In case studies of the Security Council’s controversies on Iraq and Syria, this book instead reveals contestation and competing interpretations of responsibility as crucial conditions for the constitution and negotiation of normative order. The case studies also underline the importance of public Security Council meetings as dynamic sites for coping with a plurality of normative orders and how their symbolic and material manifestations shape processes of collective legitimation. This book concludes that these processes demonstrate the crucial role of justification and critique as practices of normative ordering in the Security Council.
The Justification of Responsibility in the UN Security Council argues that normative orders in international organisations are constructed by multifaceted processes of questioning, reaffirming and coordinating claims of normativity and legitimacy. Connecting research on norms and legitimacy in international relations with pragmatist sociology, the book provides an account of the complexities and inconsistencies of decision-making processes and their normative foundations in international organisations. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of international organisations, international relations theory and global governance.
Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility
Ulbert, Cornelia / Finkenbusch, Peter / Sondermann, Elena / Debiel, Tobias (Eds.)
“Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility” investigates how actors in our globally connected world negotiate, delegate and distribute responsibility. This book asks how moral duties can be defined beyond the territorial and legal confines of the nation-state and how the moral agency of individual and collective actors can be enhanced. It analyzes how obligations and accountability mechanisms can be established for a post-national world, in which responsibility remains vague, ambiguous and contested. Using both empirical and theoretical perspectives, the book explores the politics of responsibility that plays out as responsibility relationships emerge, develop and change. This book is perfect for scholars of international relations, politics, philosophy and political economy with an interest in the increasingly popular topics of moral agency and responsibility.
Peace Report 2017 - A Selection of Texts
Schoch, Bruno/ Heinemann-Grüder, Andreas/ Hauswedell, Corinna/ Hippler, Jochen/ Johannsen, Margret (Eds.)
The Peace Report is the joint yearbook of the German Institutes of Peace and Conflict Research. It has been published annually since 1987. Researchers from various disciplines investigate the realities of conflicts in various countries around the world. Their analyses are the basis for the Editors’ Statement, which summarizes and assesses the results and formulates policy recommendations for peace and security policy in Germany and Europe.
This publication offers a selection of texts from the Friedensgutachten 2017.
Rethinking Neo-Institutional Statebuilding - The Knowledge Paradox of International Intervention
This book examines how neo-institutional statebuilding undercuts international policy agency. Post-Cold War interventions are marked by a peculiar paradox. From peace and statebuilding projects in war-shattered societies to World Bank development programmes in Africa, the scope of external regulation has grown consistently while international policymakers are finding it increasingly difficult to formulate a political project regarding the Global South. This book seeks to make sense of a contradictory situation in which international policymakers are doing more statebuilding than ever while knowing less about it. The study argues that the crisis of international agency is driven by the demise of reductionist liberal-universal knowledge. It critically explores neo-institutionalism as a dominant policy framework, bringing out how the failure of intervention paves the way for more comprehensive, context-sensitive and bottom-up engagement. As a precondition and side-effect of this expansive process, reductionist liberal-universal knowledge is deconstructed. Paradoxically, the more policymakers learn within a neo-institutional frame of reference, the less they positively know. Without this epistemic foundation, it becomes difficult to act purposively in the world and formulate instrumental policy. The study illustrates these conceptual insights with reference to the Merida Initiative, a U.S.-Mexican security agreement signed in 2007.