Under what conditions do religious groups engage in peace activism? Religious groups engage in peace activism if the associated costs are low and they compete with either conflict party over the interpretation of their religious content concerning war and peace. Peace activism is a promising action as peace activists maintain their positive self-evaluation. I introduce a novel dataset of peace activism for 511 religious groups in 128 countries from 1990 to 2008. Conditional fixed effects and logistic models support my hypotheses. The findings highlight the role of rational considerations in the decision to conduct peace activities by representatives of religious groups.
The Power of Words: State Reactions to Protest Announcements
Vüllers, Johannes / Schwarz, Elisa
Government-Rebel Relations in the Wake of Power-Sharing Peace Agreements
Ottmann, Martin / Vüllers, Johannes
The material politics of damming water: An introduction
Schapper, Andrea / Scheper, Christian / Unrau, Christine
Hydroelectric power is on the rise. Both developed and emerging economies establish hydroelectric dams in order to make use of natural water resources, contribute to electrification, and supply energy to national industries. At the same time, dam projects are often faced with large‐scale protests and political contestation. In their editorial to the special issue “The Material Politics of Damming Water: Contestation and Conflict in Hydroelectric Energy Projects” (to be published in Sustainable Development 2019), the authors illustrate both a rising popularity and growing contestation of large dam projects. Bringing together research from history, political science, international relations, economics, as well as environmental sciences and conservation studies, the special issue addresses cases from various world regions.
Improving Smallholders’ Food Security and Resilience to Climate Change in Burkina Faso: The Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters Programme (BRACED) (AVE-Study 19/2019)
This study seeks to analyse the perceived impacts on food security and poverty reduction of the Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme in Burkina Faso. Besides positive impacts on people’s food security and poverty reduction, the beneficiaries also emphasised the social effects of the project activities, which led to an improvement of the social cohesion, mutual help and support in the villages.
BURKINA FASO: The Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters Programme (BRACED) (Good-Practice-Series 19)
The Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme was implemented in Burkina Faso from January 2015 to May 2019. Its objective was to improve the resilience of vulnerable people against climate extremes and disaster. Beneficiaries indicated that the programme had have positive impact on their economic and food security situation. Besides, they emphasised the social effects of the project activities, which led to an improvement of the social cohesion, mutual help and support in the villages.
BURKINA FASO: Amélioration de la qualité des sols par l’aménagement de cordons pierreux au Burkina Faso (Good-Practice-Circulaire 18B)
Herold, Jana/ Gaesing, Karin
La désertification progressive et la dégradation des sols rendent de plus en plus difficile l’agriculture sur le Plateau Central du Burkina Faso densément peuplé. La présente étude montre comment les petits agriculteurs peuvent améliorer la fertilité des sols et ainsi réduire la pauvreté et l’insécurité alimentaire en construisant des cordons pierreux dans leurs champs. Soutenus par les ONG IDD-Burkina et Terra Verde e.V., les agriculteurs réalisent eux-mêmes ces mesures.
ETHIOPIA: Sustainable Management of Natural Resources Reduces Poverty and Vulnerability (Good-Practice-Series 14B)
The Sustainable Land Management Programme (SLMP) is being implemented in 176 rural districts in Ethiopia. Its objective is to improve the living conditions of the local people by enabling them to protect and manage their natural resources in a sustainable way. For this purpose, male and female farmers have formed watershed teams and committees and organise their work in a self-reliant way. Harvests have more than doubled and the living conditions of the people have greatly improved.
Mobility of Labour versus Capital: A Global Governance Perspective (Global Trends Analysis 01/2019)
Rosewarne, Stuart / Piper, Nicola
The mobility of people can engender positive effects for global economic development. Yet, migration has not been backed by an internationally-endorsed governance architecture as was the case with the liberalisation of international trade or finance. The challenge lies in advancing the development promise of international migration and reconciling it with the integrity of national sovereignty without compromising human rights.
In the latest issue of GLOBAL TRENDS. ANALYSIS Stuart Rosewarne and Nicola Piper characterise this challenge as the securitisation-liberalisation paradox wich also reveals itself in the UN’s Global Compacts on Refugees and Migration. The authors advocate a broader focus on migration, including a better understanding of its various forms, and a rights-based approach in migration governance.