INEF-Report Heft 111/2016

Terrorism: Undefinable and Out-of-Context? Reconceptionalizing Terrorism as a Context-Specific Tactical Tool, INEF-Report 111
Hippler, Jochen

Terrorism studies have developed since the 1970s. But the research field still suffers from several weaknesses: the inability to formulate a consensus on what exactly “terrorism” is; the vagueness and arbitrariness of the practical usage of the term “terrorism”; its politicization and the habit to use it as a moral label instead as an analytical tool; and the tendency to use the term outside of any political context. This study firstly reconsiders these conceptual weaknesses, and proposes how to deal with them. Secondly, it suggests to focus terrorism studies more on the political contexts, which produce domestic and international terrorism, by using the key example of terrorism resulting from a context of civil wars and insurgencies. The study argues that terrorism is not an ideology, not a type of warfare, rarely a strategy, but mostly a tactical instrument, which has to be analyzed in the respective political contexts.

Download the INEF-Report here

Date: 01/09/17

INEF-Report Heft 110/2016

Assessing Business-Related Impacts on Human Rights. Indicators and Benchmarks in Standards and Practice, INEF-Report 110
Tromp, Dylan

With a view to informing the policies and practices of states, business enterprises, and other stakeholders towards universal corporate respect for human rights, this study proposes principled and practical indicators to support the assessment of human rights impacts with which business enterprises may be involved. The study identifies a wide array of contexts in which application of the proposed indicators would help to strengthen state approaches to protecting rights-holders against business-related harm in terms of law, policy, regulation, adjudication and participation in multilateral, international and regional organizations. The study also presents a practical methodology for how the proposed indicators can strengthen current private sector approaches to implementing the corporate responsibility to respect human rights, particularly in terms of assessing the human rights risks and impacts that may be associated with core business operations and business relationships.

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Date: 12/21/16

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Peace Report 2016
Johannsen, Margret / Schoch, Bruno / Mutschler, Max M. / Hauswedell, Corinna / Hippler, Jochen (Eds.)

“Causes of flight in focus: Assuming responsibility”. By this claim, the editors of this year’s Peace Report approach the Federal Government and the Governments of Europe. In the context of the dominant issue in politics and media, the Peace Report 2016 also focuses on flight and its causes, while emphasising the concept of responsibility. Coming from different disciplines, researcher analyse the conflict reality from a peace policy perspective and go into detail of the conflicts in Iraq and Syria as well as their effects on the already instable region. The editors Margret Johannsen (IFSH), Bruno Schoch (HSFK), Max M. Mutschler (BICC), Corinna Hauswedell (FEST) und Jochen Hippler (INEF) base their common statement on these contributions.

Find out more among out INEF Series

Date: 10/18/16

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Why do Wine Producers seek a Fairtrade Certification? Perspectives from the Western Cape, South Africa - UAR Working Paper No. 14
Fusenig, Mirjam

Fairtrade’s engagement in South Africa is unique as it emerged from an initiative of local producers seeking the certification in 2003. Since then, the number of Fairtrade wine farms has steadily increased. The inclusion of hired labour plantations has resulted in a vivid discussion amongst scholars. However, research on the perspectives of management on hired labour plantations about Fairtrade remains limited. Therefore, the purpose of this
study is to understand the motivation behind South African wine producers’ pursuit of a Fairtrade certification. Having constructed a conceptual framework incorporating isomorphic drivers and legitimation strategies, the study draws on theoretical concepts mainly used to assess companies’ motivation for social and environmental reporting. The overarching finding of this study supports scholars who claim that Fairtrade rests on the same market forces as conventional trade. The tide in South Africa’s wine industry has turned; initiated by local producers, but gradually being taken over by international retailers.
It remains questionable whether such enforced standards can lead to a sustainable change within the industry.

You can download the paper here

Date: 09/12/16

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Paving the Way for Investment in Geothermal Power Deployment in Developing Countries - UAR Working Paper No. 13
Adisorn, Thomas

Geothermal power represents a unique source of electricity, for instance due to its low-carbon and base-load character. Some developing countries have a great potential for deploying geothermal power and, thus, for providing climate-friendly electricity to their economies and people. However, in order to reap the benefits of geothermal power substantial barriers must be overcome. By having screened the relevant literature, important hurdles to geothermal power deployment were defined:
financing barriers, institutional barriers and uncertainty, lack of human resources, information barriers and social opposition. Through desk research carried out for Indonesia and Kenya, both of which are frontrunners in terms of installed geothermal power capacity, this study identifies options that contribute to overcoming aforementioned barriers. Hence, it offers recommendations primarily to developing countries in order to realize geothermal power production and, thus, to contribute to climate change mitigation.

You can download the paper here

Date: 09/12/16

Business and Human Rights in the Global Economy

Business and Human Rights in the Global Economy
Hamm, Brigitte (ed.)

Edited by INEF staff member Dr Brigitte Hamm, the essay collection “Business and Human Rights in the Global Economy”, particularly refers to academic students. While taking legal, political science, and human rights perspectives, this anthology traces the discourse, which led in 2011 to the adoption of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights by the UN Human Rights Council. These Guiding Principles are currently seen as the most important instrument to govern business activities in the global economy. Thereby, human rights form the normative basis. The Guiding Principles claim to close governance gaps in the context of the global economy by means of a smart mix of different modes of regulation, namely the state obligation to protect human rights and the voluntary corporate commitment to human rights based on Corporate Social Responsibility.

Find out more among our Publications

Date: 01/12/16

©AsianDevelopmentBank (CC-Flickr)

New Research Project
Ways out of extreme poverty, vulnerability and food insecurity - options for German governmental development cooperation to reach extremely poor, vulnerable and food-insecure population groups more effectively

On 1 October 2015 a new research project began at INEF. The aim of the project sponsored by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is to formulate recommendations for German government development cooperation on which development cooperation measures may more effectively reach these (extremely) poor, food-insecure and vulnerable population groups and help them to achieve a better living standard over the long term.

Read more on the project here

Date: 12/17/15

Deutsche Stiftung Friedensforschung

New Research Project
Disentangling International and Local Understandings in Peacebuilding. Insights from the ‘Laboratory’ of Bougainville

The project, which is funded by the German Foundation for Peace Research, addresses the relationships and interactions of international and local actors in post-conflict peacebuilding interventions. It explores the changes that occur in the course of their interactions with regard to the actors’ perceptions, expectations, attitudes and activities, and how these changes lead to recalibrations of relationships and, consequently, a re-articulation of the overall peacebuilding exercise.

Please find further information here

Date: 10/12/15

INEF Insights/Einblicke 2015

INEF Insights 2015

With the Insights 2015 the INEF gives an comprehensive overview over the institute’s current work in the fields of research, academic cooperation and policy consulting.

Besides selected projects and publication specials of this edition are a retrospection in the context of the 25th anniversary of the INEF as well as the presentation of the new research programme with the title “Responsibility in a Conflicted World Society”.

The INEF insights are published in German and English and can be downloaded here bereit.

Date: 09/23/15

Human Rights Due Diligence through Stakeholder Engagement? The Case of a Copper Gold Mine in the Philippines, INEF-Report 109

Human Rights Due Diligence through Stakeholder Engagement? The Case of a Copper Gold Mine in the Philippines, INEF-Report 109
Hamm, Brigitte / Schax, Anne

The report examines to what extent stakeholder engagement as a form of private governance can contribute to a corporation’s human rights due diligence performance. It takes as the basis for investigation a case study of a stakeholder engagement program implemented by the operating company SMI for a planned copper-gold mine in the Philippines during the project’s pre-operational phase. The analysis examines criteria for good stakeholder engagement set out by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and uses the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights as the conceptual framework. For the case investigated here, it is established that SMI’s stakeholder engagement program and the guidelines have several shortcomings from a human rights perspective, which in turn negatively affect other due diligence processes.

Date: 09/21/15

Cooperative Partnerships


 

INEF cooperates with the Development and Peace Foundation (sef:), the Working Group on Peace and Development (FriEnt) and the platform Plattform Zivile Konfliktbearbeitung e.V. in the field of application orientation and policy advice.

In the field of research and graduation the INEF participates in the Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research (KHK/GCR21) as well as the UAR Graduate Centre for Development Studies. 

 

 

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In a specially edited format, the electronic newsletter informs you about selected publications, current events, and projects of the Development and Peace Foundation (sef:) and the INEF. You can find the current edition among the Publications as you can subscribe for the SEF/INEF News here.